Can Surgery Be Used to Treat Heart Failure?
In heart failure, surgery is introduced at stopping further damage to the heart and improving the heart’s function after other methods failed indefinitely. Procedures used include:
- Coronary artery bypass grafting surgery. The commonest surgery for heart failure is bypass surgery. Your doctor will determine if your heart failure is caused by coronary artery disease and if you have blockages that can be bypassed. Although surgery is more risky for people with heart failure, new strategies before, during, and after surgery have reduced the risks and improved outcomes.
- Heart valve surgery. Diseased heart valves can be treated both surgically (traditional heart valve surgery) and non-surgically (balloon valvuloplasty).
- Implantable left ventricular assist device (LVAD). The LVAD is known as the “bridge to transplantation” for patients who haven’t responded to other treatments and are hospitalized with severe systolic heart failure. This device helps your heart pump blood throughout your body. It allows you to be mobile, sometimes returning home to await a heart transplant. It may also be used as destination therapy for long-term support in patients who are not eligible for transplant.
- Heart transplant – A heart transplant is announced when heart failure is so severe that it does not respond to all other therapies, but the person’s health is otherwise in good condition.